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Multi-stakeholder collaboration in monitoring and evaluation of land policies in Viet Nam
In the last two decades, rapid industrialisation and economic growth have put increasing pressure on lands and land tenure security in Viet Nam. Land has been the single largest cause of conflicts in the country, representing 70 per cent of total reported local disputes.
In 2013, Viet Nam revised its land law to introduce the concept of citizen monitoring of land governance. The 2013 land law required the government to establish a system to monitor and evaluate the implementations of the land law and policies. And now, five years later, this requirement is finally being put into practice, with multiple agencies agreeing to collaborate when monitoring and evaluating their land policies.
The organisations, including the General Department of Land Administration (GDLA) of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, and the Institute for Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and local civil society groups, took part in training provided by the Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project, held in March in Hanoi.
As part of the training workshop, participants agreed that for the development of M&E on land policies they will work through a Thematic Working Group as a platform to bring them to coordinate and share lessons from their respective projects.
Through its Innovation Fund facility, MRLG is providing support to GDLA, IPSARD, Oxfam, Forland and Can Tho University, funding several initiatives to pilot and test monitoring and evaluation of land policies in Viet Nam. The March training in Hanoi was designed to respond to the needs of GDLA and the members of the Thematic Coordination Group on M&E of Land Policies, and give them a deeper understanding on the topic. The participants in the training also shared their organisations’ experiences in influencing the development of land policies in Viet Nam.
These experiences will inform the design development of the 2nd phase of their respective projects, as well as finalising the terms of reference and initial work program of the Land Policy M&E Thematic Coordination Group.
MRLG also held a second workshop on Conflict Sensitive Program Management (CSPM) in Hanoi, with representatives from six organisations that received IF grants in 2016. This training introduced the participants to context analysis and actors mapping as CSPM Tools.
The context analysis was designed to help project managers and implementers dissect key problems and determine how these relate to their project or the development of interventions.
The actors mapping was to enable participants to identify main actors and understand power relations, and thus understand their project’s role and potential for change.
Together, these tools will be used to inform the development of the results monitoring framework, risk assessment matrix, project beneficiaries, and implementation strategies of their respective projects.